Philosophy of Metaphysics

The philosophy of life, time and space is complex. It remains an aspect of philosophy connected to the problems concerning epistemology and ontology. It also reflects the behavior of time, life, and space. Since inception, the concept of life and space has been the central idea of philosophy. The philosophy of time, life and space remains an inspiration for a central area of early analytic philosophy.

The subject of life and space is focused on a branch of philosophy called metaphysics. Metaphysics may include the nature of identity over time, moment of existence and just to mention a few. In David Birnbaum’s Metaphysics, he touches on many topics that we still discuss in another post but before I delve into his work, reading through this content will help you understand the full concept of the metaphysics of space and life.

Anti-realism And Realism:

In ontology, the actual realist position is that space and life have prevalence apart from your human mind. Objects having an independent state of mind are not accepted by idealists. Anti-realists believe that objects outside the mind exist in an ontology. Anti-realists also doubt the existence of an independent state of space and life.

realism vs anti-realism

Medieval And Ancient Views:

The ancient Egyptian pundit Ptahhotep expounded on the earliest Western philosophy of life and time. Ptahhotep mentioned that wasting time remains an abomination to the spirit. Ptahhotep also continued by saying that people should not reduce the time to follow your desires.


ptahhotep philosophy
Ptahhotep, ancient vizier

Vedas is one of the ancient Hindu and Indian philosophers. Vedas mentioned that the ancient Hindu cosmology states that the planet moves through repeated events of rebirth, destruction, and creation. Heraclitus and Parmenides ancient Greek philosophers also deliberated on the nature of life and time.

Relationalism And Absolutism:

This reflects Newton and Leibniz ideology of life in metaphysics. Leibniz and Newton started the argument of realism and absolutism. One of the parties believes that events of time and space should be defined as real objects (absolutism). The second party believes that objects are mere substances that people can deliberate on (relationalism).

Leibniz provided a plethora of thought experiments to argue against the absolutist position. Leibniz mentioned that absolutism contradicts the existence of facts in the likes of velocity and a real location. The arguments were cascaded on Leibniz philosophy called identity of indiscernible and the principle of sufficient reason.

leibniz philosopher
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

The Architecture Of Time, Life And Space:

The metaphysics of space and life also has a mix of conventionalism and absolutism. It also reflects or shows some technical facts of the general theory of relativity. The comprehension of life and space has accumulated a huge proportion of debates within the philosophy metaphysics.


Conventionalism believes that there is no single fact backing up the geometrical existence and evidence of life, time and space. It continued by saying that both life and space are decided by convention. Henri Poincaré remains the first proponent of this approach. Henri Poincaré reacted to the new non-Euclidean geometry in a different and unique approach.

conventionalism picture

Henri questioned the geometry that space is decided by convention. Henri believes that different geometries have the capability of describing objects in unique ways. Henri finally agreed considerations emanate from the sphere-world.


The philosophy of space and life remains a complex concept. With metaphysics, you will be able to understand both the realistic and factual aspects of space and life.

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